Vacation Home Rental
Information for owners of vacation home rental property in Minnesota
In recent years, vacation home rentals have been emerging in Minnesota. One characteristic of vacation home rental that distinguishes it from most other types of lodging is that there is not an on-site manager. To make this is a safe, viable, and economically beneficial development, there is a need to provide both guidance and regulation to these entrepreneurs. The opportunity to address a consumer market interested in this lodging option can generate economic benefits throughout an area. There are more than 100,000 seasonal, recreational or occasional use homes in Minnesota.
While the State of Minnesota does not have a specific definition of “vacation home rental property,” many legal and regulatory issues related to vacation home rental are currently covered in state and local statutes and regulations. This page has been created to help Minnesota vacation home rental property owners understand the regulations to which they must adhere. This information may be updated frequently.
- Fire safety
- Health regulations
- Insurance requirements
- Real estate requirements
- Septic, plumbing and water quality compliance
- Shoreland Conservation Standards
- Tax regulations
- Zoning regulations
Vacation home rental property owners must be aware of and follow applicable fire safety codes:
The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) and local public health agencies license and inspect vacation home rentals in Minnesota according to Minnesota Statutes, chapter 157 and Minnesota Rules, chapter 4625. Vacation home rentals may be private homes, cabins, townhouses or condominium units offering sleeping accommodations to the public.
Depending on the length of the rental, vacation home rentals may require a license. Licenses are issued for the calendar year and renewed annually. License fees are found in Minnesota Statutes, section 157.16 and Minnesota Rules, section 4625.2300.The location of the vacation home rental determines which agency is responsible for plan review and licensing. To determine whether your license will be issued by the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) or another agency, see the Food, Pools, and Lodging Services Section website at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/food/license/index.html. Contact MDH or your local public health agency for an inspection to determine license fees and receive final approval if the establishment complies with Minnesota regulations.
Plan Review for New Construction
For new construction of vacation home rentals, submit a plan review application with fees and obtain approval before construction begins. MDH plan review submittal requirements, application, checklist and additional resources are available at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/food/license/planreview.html.
Pools and spas in use by guests or the public at vacation home rentals must meet the Minnesota pool code, Minnesota Rules, chapter 4717. Existing pools and spas at vacation home rentals that do not meet the Minnesota pool code requirements must be secured and cannot be used by guests or the public. MDH conducts all plan review and inspections of pool construction or alteration.
Contact the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry for plumbing plan submittal and review and plumbing inspection.
Vacation home rentals must operate in compliance with Minnesota Statutes, chapter 157 and Minnesota Rules, chapter 4625. Inspections to assure compliance with laws are conducted on a regular basis according to risk categories as listed in Minnesota Statutes, section 157.20. Contact the agency that issues the license and inspects the establishment for more information about local ordinances that may apply to your vacation home rental.
Lodging definitions, laws and rules and other resources can be found at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/lodging/index.html.
Information about public swimming pool requirements and plan review are available at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/pools/index.html.
Contact your insurance agent for guidance on commercial use of a residential property.
Shoreland rules are currently being updated by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources through a stakeholder committee review process. Vacation home rental has been identified for consideration in this revision process.
If you are renting your vacation home through a real estate licensee/management company, you should verify that the real estate licensee is licensed through the Minnesota Department of Commerce at 651-201-2768.
Real Estate licensees, who provide property rental and management services as licensed under chapter 82, are allowed to operate vacation home rental management businesses without an additional license. The vacation home rental unit or units themselves may require additional licensing, which may be provided by the unit owner or the rental management company or broker. For more information, see
Desk top reference guide: vacation home rentals.
Contact: Heather Mavencamp
Minnesota Association of REALTORS®
Septic systems at vacation rental homes need to be properly managed and maintained. Here are some important considerations for the vacation rental home owner:
- Do not advertise vacation rental homes to accommodate more people than there are bedrooms; septic systems are sized to handle wastewater for about two people per bedroom.
- Remember that many "city people" are unfamiliar with septic systems and may flush things they shouldn't and use more water than they need to. You should educate your guests to help avoid problems.
- Be mindful of the amount of water used in a short period of time. Too much water going to your septic tank can result in backups to the house, tank overflows, and possible damage to the drainfield. This could potentially be an issue if the owners or housekeeper would come in and wash all the bedding and towels, do all the dishes, and wash the floors etc. in one day. Try to limit the amount of water used in a short period of time by spanning cleaning activities over a period of a few days if water use will be high.
- MPCA recommends that you discuss the septic system with a licensed septic system maintainer and follow their advice on pumping frequency and other maintenance issues.
For a list of licensed septic maintainers, inspectors and other professionals, please refer to the MPCA's Subsurface Sewage Treatment System Program, which provides additional information on many related topics that may be helpful.
Contact: Gretchen Sabel
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Vacation home rental owners must understand and comply with
federal, state and local taxes.
Cities, counties and townships have their own zoning and nuisance ordinances. There are 87 counties and 853 cities in Minnesota with planning and zoning authority. Zoning decisions are made at the local level. Education and communication are the overall key to developing workable local implementation.
Contact the city zoning department if your property is in city limits or the county planning and zoning department if outside of a city boundary
Operating a commercial business venture alongside your neighbors' residences can lead to conflict. These conflicts, if not addressed on a voluntary basis, will lead to a need for additional regulation. Vacation home property owners should consider the following:
- Do not allow overcrowding/ensure guests know maximum occupancy
- Inform guests how to handle maintenance issues that arise – who to contact
- Provide 24-hour-per-day contact to local manager for guests and neighbors
- Provide guidance to guests on noise levels
- Post proper business signage
- Advise guests on parking capacity/RV parking and driving responsibly in the neighborhood
- Assure guests know how/where to properly dispose of garbage
- Post rules for responsible use of recreational equipment
- Specify whether you allow outside camping, and where on the property this is acceptable
- Assure guests are aware of property lines/Advise guests on trespassing
- Advise guests on campfires/fireworks and firearms
- Advise neighbors of manager/owner phone numbers
- Consider applicable property association bylaws
- Have a plan for handling malicious complaints
List your vacation home rental property in Explore Minnesota Tourism's database.
In providing this information you are ensuring that you are in compliance with any required licensing and taxation laws.
Contact: Anne Patterson
Explore Minnesota Tourism
- Association of Minnesota Counties
- Congress of Minnesota Resorts
- League of Minnesota Cities Directory
- Local Public Health Association of Minnesota
- Minnesota Association of Realtors
- Minnesota Association of Townships
- Minnesota Resort and Campground Association
- Minnesota Seasonal Recreational Property Owners Coalition
- Minnesota Vacation Rental Association
- University of Minnesota Tourism Center
- Legislature's Vacation Home Rental Report – January 2009
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