Minnesota Spring Turkey Hunting: New ‘Hunter-Friendly’ Format

By Mark Melotik, Executive Editor ScoutLook Weather

MNSpring2 Wild Turkeys
Photo by ScoutLook

What’s one of the few things better than calling in a big Minnesota spring gobbler? Calling in a pair of the majestic birds, more or less simultaneously. This heart-thumping scenario played out in front of me during a recent late-April hunt in the state’s southeastern corner, near the quaint and scenic city of Houston.

All morning, at regular intervals, I had been broadcasting my three-note hen turkey calls—"yawp-yawp-yawp!"—and now, not one, but two deafening gobbles came thundering back from the steep, surrounding bluff country. Both seemed surprisingly close. Soon I glimpsed a large dark gobbler sneaking in from the right, his eyes locked on my three-decoy spread set just five yards from my portable blind. As I squirmed into position for the severe right-angled shot, my laser rangefinder showed the big tom at 36 yards—precisely where the cagey longbeard reconsidered and turned back.

Before I could feel any disappointment another loud gobble erupted behind me; in seconds I was at full draw and focused on a second gobbler circling in to the left. At the 25-yard shot the longbeard launched into flight but the loud crash behind me, just seconds later, signaled my aim had been true. And I was one very happy Minnesota turkey hunter.

Whether your weapon is bow, shotgun or crossbow, and whether your goal is a neat new experience in unfamiliar terrain, a delectable wild game dinner, or maybe adding a Midwest eastern wild turkey to your latest grand slam, Minnesota is a must-see destination for turkey hunters nationwide. An exciting new turkey hunting structure, and some impressive numbers, tell the story.

Minnesota issued 49,919 turkey permits during the 2017 spring season, including 11,249 archery permits, more than a 112-percent increase over the 5,291 issued in 2015, the result of recent expanded opportunity (which continues) that allows archers to hunt the entire season. Hunters registered a total of 11,854 turkeys during the 2017 spring hunt, which was the third-highest harvest ever recorded and above the 5-year state average of 11,442 birds. If you’re wondering, Minnesota’s turkey-hunting heyday is now.

Don’t Forget Spring Fishing

Minnesota’s turkey population is certainly booming, but any savvy outdoorsman traveling to the Gopher State this spring would be wise to also pack some fishing gear, and maybe, add a few extra days to sample the state’s world-class fishery. Inland trout season opens in mid-April, followed by the bass, walleye and northern pike openers in mid to late May. No matter where you end up, you’re never far from prime multi-species angling opportunities.

Stream trout might offer some of the easiest "cast and blast" combo adventures for Minnesota turkey hunters, especially in the southeast corner of the state. Virtually all of southwest Minnesota’s 700-plus miles of streams flow through grade-A turkey habitat.

Statewide, Minnesota holds an impressive 3,817 miles of designated trout streams, plus 2,699 miles of designated trout stream tributaries. Solid fish populations abound, the product of both natural reproduction and aggressive stocking. In 2015, the state’s five cold water hatcheries produced 1.7 million fingerlings, yearlings and adult fish for stocking in 75 streams and 158 lakes–roughly 201 tons of fish. Whether you prefer to cast flies, spinners, Rapalas or live bait, Minnesota’s brown, rainbow, and brook trout are ready to add spice to your springtime adventure.

Turkey Hunter Scoutlook
Photo by ScoutLook

New 'Hunter Friendly' Turkey Structure Continues

The changes to the Minnesota spring turkey season structure that went into effect back in 2016 are still allowing for excellent harvest rates, and a bright outlook continues for 2018.

Beginning in the spring of 2016, adult hunters interested in pursuing turkeys for the first two time periods were required to apply for a permit through a lottery system, but youth hunters, and licensed archery hunters, were able to purchase a permit over-the-counter, and hunt in any permit area for the entire season. Alternatively, firearms hunters could simply purchase a permit over-the-counter for one of the last four time periods.

The goal of that new season structure in Minnesota was to provide additional quality turkey hunting opportunities while still managing hunter interference rates by maintaining 12 permit areas and two quota time periods. It seems to be working nicely too.

Public hunting land is abundant in Minnesota too with county, state and federal forests and Wildlife Management Areas that are open to turkey hunting. The Recreational Compass gives map and land description information for these public lands to help plan your trip.

Southeast MN has the most established population of turkeys while the northeast, where turkeys are a more recent addition, continues to expand and grow.

"The Department has not released or relocated wild turkeys to northern Minnesota since 2009 when birds were released in northwestern Minnesota," said DNR forest game bird coordinator Ted Dick. State turkey expansion currently reaches as far north as Itasca and southern St. Louis counties.

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Minnesota has a vast system of county, state and federal forests that are open to turkey hunting, as well as an immense state Wildlife Management Area system. The location of these lands can be found using the DNR's Recreation Compass (view version for mobile browsers).

Wild turkeys have become an increasingly common sight across much of Minnesota (see turkey ranges and permit areas). With the exception of the heavy forest north of U.S. Highway 2, you're likely to spot the eastern wild turkey just about anywhere.

Be sure to get permission before hunting on private agricultural land or posted land.


The deadline for firearms wild turkey hunters to apply for early season spring hunting permits is Jan. 26. The spring season, which runs from April 18 to May 31, is divided into six time periods.

For more information on turkey hunting seasons, licenses and more, visit the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources website.