Llamas and goats at Shepard's Harvest Festival

Minnesota Fiber: The Journey from Farm to Yarn

Scroll to Read
Image Caption
Llamas and goats at Shepard's Harvest Festival, Lake Elmo

Minnesota Fiber: The Journey from Farm to Yarn

By Erica Wacker

There’s a tree that stands atop a hill in the middle of Vicki Fossum’s 120-acre family farm on the outskirts of Northfield.

When she’s not tending to the animals, working at her day job or taking care of her family, this tree is Vicki’s happy place. As she sits under it, a few of her miniature Scottish Highland cattle graze around her, while her 51 alpacas happily pronk and roll in the dirt.

A couple miles down the road, Eleanor Coolidge works at her spinning wheel at Northfield Yarn, a destination shop for spinners, knitters and weavers from the surrounding area and beyond. Eleanor’s been spinning for over 50 years, and although wool is her favorite fiber, today she’s spinning alpaca.

Alpacas Fossum Family Farm

Fossum Family Farm in Northfield / Melanie Graves

“When you’re spinning by hand, you don’t want it to look perfect,” her teacher told her decades ago. Heeding that advice all these years, she is proud and humbled to have her first solo show of weavings at a health clinic in town.

From the farmers to the weavers, Minnesota’s fiber community is tightly knit by their shared passion. Close to 30 Minnesota farms, which spread as far south as Blue Earth and as far north as Duluth, raise alpacas, llamas, sheep, goats, angora rabbits and even yaks for their fiber, which can be purchased raw, partially processed (called roving), as yarn, or as finished products ranging from knitted finger puppets to woven area rugs.

Fossum Family Farm The Alpaca Store

 The Alpaca Store, Northfield / Melanie Graves

Visiting the Farm

For small, independent operations like Fossum Family Farm, turning raw fiber into yarn or felt is a manual, labor-intensive process that can take several days. After the animal is sheared, the fiber undergoes multiple steps of cleaning, hand-washing, air drying and several other processes before it can be spun into yarn or loomed into felt. It’s fascinating to watch, and will give even casual observers a deeper appreciation for this ancient and beautiful practice.

Many fiber farms are open to the public on select days, by appointment and for special events. In the spring, look for shearing days at farms like Fossum, Frosty Acres Alpacas south of Blue Earth and Sibley Farm in Mankato.

The last weekend in September, the North Star Farm Tour invites visitors to see the animals and learn all about fiber at over a dozen farms in the Twin Cities and southern Minnesota. The same weekend, farms including Fossum and Pauley Alpaca Company in Rochester celebrate National Alpaca Farm Days with free entertainment, food, kids activities and fiber demonstrations on the farm.

Shopping for Fiber

Every Mother’s Day weekend, the Shepherd’s Harvest Sheep and Wool Festival takes over the Washington County Fairgrounds in Lake Elmo. The mother of all fiber festivals, Shepherd’s Harvest draws large crowds for shearing, spinning, knitting and weaving demos; fleece competitions; llama and herding dog demonstrations; a huge variety of fiber art classes; and local vendors selling every fiber-related product you can imagine. In the fall, popular events include the Farm to Fiber Festival in Park Rapids in October and the Fall Fiber Festival in Hopkins in November.

For year-round fiber shopping, Anoka Fiber Works in Coon Rapids is a co-op of local fiber producers and makers selling fiber, yarn, spinning equipment and finished pieces. There’s also a full schedule of drop-in classes and social hours, as well as instructor-led classes.

There’s no shortage of yarn shops in Minnesota, with the state’s Knitters’ Guild listing nearly 50 in its directory. Hit a whole slew of them during the Minnesota Yarn Shop Hop in early April, which includes 15 shops in the Twin Cities metro area.

Embroidered stones in a heart

Embroidered stones arranged in a heart by a Brainerd fiber artist on the Weaving Waters Fiber Arts Trail / Lisa Jordan

Fiber Arts

Working with fiber doesn’t end with sweaters and scarves. “It’s multidisciplinary,” says Dawn Malcolm of Minneapolis, a ceramic artist who recently made “fur” out of fiber for her sculpture of a baboon. Fiber arts are big in Minnesota, with the nation’s only center for fiber arts, the Textile Center, located in Minneapolis.

Minnesota is also home to two “fiber arts trails,” along which several fiber artists, galleries, shops and cultural centers open their doors to the public (hours vary by location, so be sure to call ahead). In central Minnesota, the Weaving Waters Fiber Arts Trail stretches from Great River Arts in Little Falls through Brainerd and on to the New York Mills Cultural Center, with a dozen stops in between. Further northwest, you’ll find the Pine to Prairie Fiber Arts Trail in and around Bemidji.

Fiber arts are regularly on display at galleries, studios and art festivals statewide, from Grand Marais to St. Paul to Zumbrota. Learn to make your own at the North House Folk School in Grand Marais, Ely Folk SchoolMilan VillageMinnetonka Center for the Arts, the Textile Center, American Swedish Institute or Weavers Guild of Minnesota in Minneapolis. The Minnesota State Fair, held annually in late August through Labor Day, has numerous fiber arts displays and demonstrations in the the Creative Activities building.

Minnesota Fiber Resources

Erica Wacker

Erica Wacker is a Midwesterner through and through, growing up in Illinois, going to college in Wisconsin, and settling down in Minnesota. She loves to run, travel with her family, and go to concerts to relive her youth.